Pedagogical Contents #2 🎒

1. Teaching methods of the teacher that you observed

The teacher using communicative language teaching strategies. In the beginning of the class, the teacher will ask the students about the last topic being discussed. After that the teacher will give warm-up activities to lead the students to their current topic. It mostly student-based learning (meaning: it focuses on the students). The teacher will explain the material and alongside with that, she will also ask question to the students. For example: The topic is Word Formation Processes. The main material is Derivation, Clipping (Fore, Middle, Back), etc. The teacher then asks “Who can give me an example about Fore Clipping? (Possible Answers)”, “What about Derivation?”, etc.

In this case, my cooperating teacher made a participation notebook. This will be given to the secretary in the beginning of the class. The secretary has job to note every one that participating in the classroom such as giving example for 10 points. It basically based on the difficulty of the question. The difficult the question, the higher the points.

Not just that, the students who disturbed the learning process like making noises, not paying attention to the teacher or the presentation will have reduction of points. It will be recorded on the notebooks too. This is very effective because it increased the students’ competition in the class. They will compete to have the highest points.

2. Their learning materials and innovation

In making the lesson plan, it needs to be based on curriculum map and the scope & sequence. Here is my cooperating teacher’s:

Sample of the Curriculum Map
Text Box: Sample of the Scope and Sequences
Sample of the Scope and Sequence

The teacher searched the additional materials in the internet. The teacher needs to prepare the visual aids beforehand, for example: power point. The power point needs to be interesting to engage the students in learning process. The teacher might add videos, images, animation, theme, etc.

The sample of the learning materials: (Different Text Types)

Guide Questions:  

  1. What are the different text types?
  2. Why do we have to study different text types like expository, descriptive, persuasive and narrative?
  3. What is the importance of knowing the different text types in reading and writing literature?

Essential Question: How will students understand and appreciate Anglo-American literature to help them realize the beauty of Anglo-American culture and their own culture as well?


The class will be divided into 5 groups. Each group will be given a task for them to make an essay or an article. With the given task, they have to brainstorm and decide which among the different text types is appropriate to be used. After brainstorming, each student needs to write their own 2-paragraph composition based from their chosen text type on a whole sheet of paper.

  • Group 1: You have to write an article about “How to Find the Best Deals While Shopping Online.” Choose among the different types of text which is appropriate for the topic given.
  • Group 2: You have to share any stories that you have read this week. Choose among the different types of text which is appropriate for the topic given.
  • Group 3: You have to compose an essay about the “Youth of Today”. Choose among the different types of text which is appropriate for the topic given.
  • Group 4: You have to share the happenings you had on your weekend. Choose among the different types of text which is appropriate for the topic given.
  • Group 5: You have to create an article about the “Effects of Technology to Our Environment”. Choose among the different types of text which is appropriate for the topic given.

3. Sources of learning and technology used by the teachers

The book being used: Gonzales, C.T. (2017). Essential English: Worktext Literature and Language. Manila, Philippines: Rex Book Store, Inc.

The teacher may use the internet to search related material that will help the learning process. The technology used by the teacher are power point, youtube videos, internet, etc.

4. Authentic assessment used by the teachers

Formative Assessment: Quizzes, Scaffolds, Assignments and Collaborative Activities

Summative Assessment: Performance Task and Periodical Examination

Here is the rubric used by my coordinating teacher:

  1. Rubric for Technical Paper
  2. Rubric for Defense
  3. Rubric for Participation (Performance Task)

5. Some of the performance task made by the students


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